Mourn

Mourn
   Frequent references are found in Scripture to,
   1) Mourning for the dead. Abraham mourned for Sarah (Gen. 23:2); Jacob for Joseph (37:34, 35); the Egyptians for Jacob (50:3-10); Israel for Aaron (Num. 20:29), for Moses (Deut. 34:8), and for Samuel (1 Sam. 25:1); David for Abner (2 Sam. 3:31, 35); Mary and Martha for Lazarus (John 11); devout men for Stephen (Acts 8:2), etc.
   2) For calamities, Job (1:20, 21; 2:8); Israel (Ex. 33:4); the Ninevites (Jonah 3:5); Israel, when defeated by Benjamin (Judg. 20:26), etc.
   3) Penitential mourning, by the Israelites on the day of atonement (Lev. 23:27; Acts 27:9); under Samuel's ministry (1 Sam. 7:6); predicted in Zechariah (Zech. 12:10, 11); in many of the psalms (51, etc.).
   Mourning was expressed, (1) by weeping (Gen. 35:8, marg.; Luke 7:38, etc.); (2) by loud lamentation (Ruth 1:9; 1 Sam. 6:19; 2 Sam. 3:31); (3) by the disfigurement of the person, as rending the clothes (Gen. 37:29, 34; Matt. 26:65), wearing sackcloth (Gen. 37:34; Ps. 35:13), sprinkling dust or ashes on the person (2 Sam. 13:19; Jer. 6:26; Job 2:12), shaving the head and plucking out the hair of the head or beard (Lev. 10:6; Job 1:20), neglect of the person or the removal of ornaments (Ex. 33:4; Deut. 21:12, 13; 2 Sam. 14:2; 19:24; Matt. 6:16, 17), fasting (2 Sam. 1:12), covering the upper lip (Lev. 13:45; Micah 3:7), cutting the flesh (Jer. 16:6, 7), and sitting in silence (Judg. 20:26; 2 Sam. 12:16; 13:31; Job 1:20).
   In the later times we find a class of mourners who could be hired to give by their loud lamentation the external tokens of sorrow (2 Chr. 35:25; Jer. 9:17; Matt. 9:23).
   The period of mourning for the dead varied. For Jacob it was seventy days (Gen. 50:3); for Aaron (Num. 20:29) and Moses (Deut. 34:8) thirty days; and for Saul only seven days (1 Sam. 31:13). In 2 Sam. 3:31-35, we have a description of the great mourning for the death of Abner.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • mourn — mourn; mourn·er; mourn·ful; mourn·ful·ness; mourn·ing; mourn·ing·ly; mourn·ful·ly; …   English syllables

  • Mourn — (m[=o]rn), v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Mourned} (m[=o]rnd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Mourning}.] [AS. murnan; akin to OS. mornian, OHG. mornen, Goth. ma[ u]rnan.] 1. To express or to feel grief or sorrow; to grieve; to be sorrowful; to lament; to be in a state… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mourn — [mo:n US mo:rn] v [I and T] [: Old English; Origin: murnan] 1.) to feel very sad and to miss someone after they have died = ↑grieve for ▪ Hundreds of people gathered to mourn the slain president. mourn for ▪ They mourned for their children,… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Mourn — Mourn, v. t. 1. To grieve for; to lament; to deplore; to bemoan; to bewail. [1913 Webster] As if he mourned his rival s ill success. Addison. [1913 Webster] And looking over the hills, I mourn The darling who shall not return. Emerson. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mourn — [ mɔrn ] verb intransitive or transitive to feel extremely sad because someone has died, and express this in public: We are mourning the loss of our close friend. Many came to mourn their friend. mourn for: He still mourns for his brother. a. to… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • mourn — (v.) O.E. murnan to mourn, bemoan, long after, also be anxious about, be careful (class III strong verb; past tense mearn, pp. murnen), from P.Gmc. *murnan to remember sorrowfully (Cf. O.S. mornon, O.H.G. mornen, Goth. maurnan to mourn, O.N.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mourn — index deplore, repent Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • mourn — sorrow, *grieve Analogous words: lament, bewail, bemoan (see DEPLORE): weep, keen, wail, *cry Contrasted words: rejoice, gladden, delight, *please …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • mourn — [v] be sad over loss ache, agonize, anguish, be brokenhearted*, bemoan, be sad, bewail, bleed, blubber, carry on, complain, cry, deplore, fret, grieve, hurt, keen, lament, languish, long for, miss, moan, pine, regret, repine, rue, sigh, sob,… …   New thesaurus

  • mourn — ► VERB ▪ feel deep sorrow following the death or loss of. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • mourn — [môrn] vi. [ME mournen < OE murnan; akin to Goth * maúrnan, to be anxious < IE base * (s)mer , to remember: see MERIT] 1. to feel or express sorrow; lament; grieve 2. to grieve for someone who has died; specif., to manifest the conventional …   English World dictionary

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